Malaysia is an overwhelming country with dignified history and significant global stability. In terms of political issues one name is a major powerhouse in this richly cultured and heritage country. It is an economic miracle in South East Asia. Earlier all over the world, criticism was rife with Singapore taking the praise of the world and Malaysia was known as the land of poor farmers. All this has turned around and the political parties of the country have a significant role to play in the transition. Barisan Nasional is a major political coalition of dignified parties which was formed in the year 1973 and it actually succeeded Alliance; and this party has been the ruling party since the independence of Malaysia. The national government of Malaysia is a coalition government and has been formed due to the alliance of 3 parties United Malays National Organization, Malaysian Indian Congress and the Malaysian Chinese Association. Barisan Nasional is also called National Front in the local Malay language and the party headquarters is situated in the lovely city of Kuala Lumpur. This part has been formed as the natural successor of the Alliance party the party has been the most important party in Malaysia since independence from the British. In its political career this party suffered a heavy setback when in 2008 general elections it succumbed against a very simple coalition of opposition parties called Pakatan Rakyat where the Barisan Nasional could only be victorious in 8 seats out of total 13 seats in all the states of the country. Penang, Perak, Kelantan and Selangor are the regions where the party could not make a majority! The territory of Kuala Lumpur is controlled by the main opposition the Democratic Action Party.
Now on considering the number of seats this major coalition party; three very strong parties are responsible for holding majority of the seats and they are the United Malays National Organization, the Malaysian Chinese Association and the Malaysian Indian Congress. Each of these parties target a different sect of population of Malaysia. The United Malays National Congress targets the local Malay population. The Malaysian Chinese Associated associates itself with Malaysians of Chinese origin. The Chinese people in Malaysia migrated to Malaysia four to five generation befoe the present era. The people of Chinese origin consider themselves as Malaysians. The Malaysian Indian Congress is a representative of Indian Origin People. Both India and Malaysia was rules by British. The British took Indian slaves all over the world, from South America to Fiji due to the huge population. The Indian community in Malaysia is peaceful and prosperous and people of this community believe themselves to be Malaysians. Neither the Alliance nor Barisan Nasional registered themselves as political parties, they registered as constitutional parties.. According to Barisan Nasional, the party is a confederation of political parties which subscribe to the objects of the Barisan Nasional. On Election Day Barisan Nasional is the primary roof under which each and every step goes in complete synchronization. In the year 2009 many new parties have joined this coalition and the total number under this coalition is raised from 3 to 12. All Malaysians would be under the banner of the Barisan Nasional. Some of the major political parties in Malaysia include
1) The United Malays National Organization
2) Malaysian Indian Congress
3) Malaysian Chinese Association
4) People’s Progressive Party
5) Sarawak United People Party
6) Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu
Some other important parties that need to be named are Parti Bersatu Sabah, Saraswak Progressive Democratic Party, Sarawak People’s Party etc.
There was a very interesting case in the year 2005 where a unique issue was brought into notice because of two Barisan Nasional Members of Parliament named Bung Moktar Radin and Mohammed Aziz. The issue was the referring International Industry and Trade Secretary Sidek Hassan to the Privilege Committee. These two gentlemen were additionally supported by opposition party leader Lim Kit Sang of Democratic Action Party. The Deputy Prime Minister Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak took some stern action against the two MPs and got them reprimanded. They both later made an apology for their misconduct and they were bereaved of any further action.
March 8 2008 saw the general election being held. More autonomy for the federal governemt was the call from both the Sabah and the Sarawak! The SAPP or the Sabah Progressive Party announced its departure from the Barisan Nasional Party.
In other important issue the Barisan Nasional is related to racism in the country due to several propounded reasons. This party is primarily a racist based party coalition and is the super mind behind each and every racist organization in the country. Even at school level, race separation is encouraged. As a matter of fact the UMNO or United Malay National Organization had taken some serious steps towards implementing different projects and activities on multilevel strategies which will eventually lead to strengthen racial integration. Though it’s a different thing that even if after such procedures and steps the racial politics is the primarily player in Malaysia and because of this the society elements are still not able to adopt authentic integrated behavior towards racism. Speculations are made that this coalition might get dissolved in near future and a single party will get emerged and the basis will be the Bumiputera or the son of the soil special rights which is the major artillery of the United Malay National Organization party; apart from the opposition from the Chinese and Indian non-Bumiputeras. The 20% target set for the Bumiputera has been achieved by the sons of the soil or the native Malays. There are still disputes whether one party rule in Malaysia is good or not. The one party rule based on favoring Bumiputeras is vociferously opposed by Indian and Chinese Origin People.
It is clear that this coalition is heading towards dissolution and in the near future Malaysian people will find a party which will lead them to better development leaving behind bad omens of racism and secularity.